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Causes of Diabetic Retinopathy

What are the causes of diabetic retinopathy and long-term diabetes? Changes in blood-sugar levels is the main culprit. People suffering from diabetes generally develop diabetic retinopathy after at least ten years of having the disease. Once you are diagnosed with diabetes, it is essential to have an eye exam once a year or more.

In the early stage of diabetic retinopathy, called background or non-proliferative retinopathy, high blood sugar in the retina damages blood vessels, which bleed or leak fluid. This leaking or bleeding causes swelling in the retina, which forms deposits.

In the later stage of diabetic retinopathy, called proliferative retinopathy, new blood vessels begin to grow on the retinal. These new blood vessels may break, causing bleeding into the vitreous, which is the clear gelatinous matter that fills the inside of the eye. This breakage can cause serious vision difficulties. This form of diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness, and is therefore the more serious form of the disease.

It is not hard to greatly reduce your risk of diabetic retinopathy by following some simple steps and being aware of your overall health. The most important factor you can control is maintaining your blood sugar at a healthy level. Eating a healthy diet will help greatly in controlling blood sugar levels. A regular exercise regimen is also a great help. Finally, make sure to listen to your doctor’s instructions.

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As of September 1, OHIP-covered patients will lose access to eye care. This means kids 19 and under, adults 65 and over, as well as diabetics cannot be seen by their optometrist because the government will not step up.

Optometrists in Ontario are redirecting all OHIP patients to their family doctor, their ophthalmologist (if they have one), or the ER if it is an emergency. ⁣⁣At this time, we are still booking non-OHIP patients which includes people 20-64 years old. ⁣⁣We are hoping for a fast resolution from this job action, and we would appreciate your help by visiting www.saveeyecare.ca !!

All you have to do is fill in your name and postal code and it will generate a letter to your MPP. The more letters the government receives, the faster we can hope for this to end! #saveeyecare